Drive smarter to reduce fuel consumption and clear the air
Pollution from cars comes from by-products of the fuel combustion process (exhaust) and from evaporation of the fuel itself (refueling).
Tailpipe emissions include: unburned hydrocarbons (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) and carbon dioxide (CO2).
The better gas mileage a vehicle gets, the less fuel it burns. Less fuel burned means fewer natural resources are used and less pollution is created from the extraction and processing of the fuel. Less fuel burned also means that less carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, is added to the atmosphere.
Here are some tips to help you drive smarter:
Choose a more fuel efficient vehicle. The better gas mileage a vehicle gets, the less fuel it burns.
Reduce idling because idling wastes gasoline. Idling for longer than 30 seconds actually burns more fuel than turning off and restarting your engine. Also, don't idle your car to warm it up; just ease into your drive for a few blocks until the engine is warm.
Maintain a steady speed. Accelerate and decelerate smoothly. Use cruise control on highways. Avoid revving the engine. Stay within the legal speed limit.
Clear out the trunk. For every 50 pounds of junk you lug around, you lose about ¼ mile per gallon.
Remove the rooftop cargo carrier when you don’t need it, to decrease drag and fuel consumption.
Maintain our vehicle. Regular vehicle maintenance reduces fuel usage. Getting a diagnosis right away when the “Check Engine” light goes on reduces pollution and saves fuel.
Keep tires properly inflated to decrease drag and fuel consumption.
Stop at the click. When refueling your vehicle, stop pumping when you hear the handle on the gas nozzle “click” off. Topping off releases gas fumes into the air that contribute to ozone pollution and cancels the benefit of the pump’s anti-pollution devices.
Refuel when it’s cool during summer heat waves. Refueling your vehicle in cooler evening hours reduces the opportunity for volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, released by gasoline to turn into ozone and contribute to the formation of smog.
Replace a lost gas cap to reduce pollution by preventing fuel evaporation.